In fact, it's not known exactly whether the Nile queen used these essences, but scientists from the University of Hawaii say they used substances similar to those favored by Cleopatra, who was known to use inciting perfumes, to produce the "Eau de Ancient Egypt" perfume. The perfume can be smelled in a museum in Washington.
The recipe was recreated as a result of a study by some archaeologists who, in addition to researching the formulas in ancient texts, made an important discovery in 2012.
Robert Littman and Jay Silverstein, researchers at the University of Hawaii, had been involved for years in excavations at the site of Tell-El Timai - the ancient city of Thmuis - where two of the ancient world's most famous perfumes, Mendesian and Metopion, were created.
"It was the Chanel No. 5 of ancient Egypt," Robert Littman said.
Cleopatra's Ancient Perfume RecreatedWhile exploring the area, archaeologists uncovered several remains, which are believed to have been the home of a perfume merchant. Inside a relic that would have been the laboratory, given the amphorae and vials they found, they discovered, thanks to chemical analysis, some of the ingredients used to make perfumes.
The two researchers, along with other ancient Egyptian experts Dora Goldsmith and Sean Coughlin, analyzed the ingredients to create an essence based on myrrh, cardamom, olive oil, and cinnamon.
The resulting intense fragrance was later housed in the chambers of the National Geographic Museum in Washington DC, where it could be smelled in the Queens of Egypt exhibit.
"It was exciting to smell a perfume that no one has smelled in 2,000 years that Cleopatra might have used," Littman said.
Cleopatra Had A Passion For PerfumeJay Silverstein of the University of Tyumen noted that Cleopatra's passion for perfume is known and there is speculation that she may have had hundreds.
Some documents suggest that Mendesian perfume was prized by the queen. Ancient Egyptians placed a much higher value on perfumes than we do today: they were used in rituals, and healing and were associated with immortality, as well as being used by the elite.
Perfume expert Mandy Aftel, who in 2005 helped reproduce an essence used on a child's mummy, says there is a possibility that the recreated perfume - "Eau de Ancient Egypt" - was used by the famous queen.
"She had different perfumes to stand out from other women," the expert said.
"Eau de Ancient Egypt" - the so-called "Chanel No. 5 of ancient Egypt" - may not be exactly one of these, but anyone lucky enough to smell it even for a moment will be able to perceive the true perfumes of the ancient Egyptians.
Cleopatra is one of the most famous figures in history, and legends about her life continue to this day. She is an enigma.
Cleopatra was Egypt's last pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty, a Greek dynasty that ruled Egypt for over 300 years.